صیغه شرطی were
در شرطی نوع دوم می توان از were به جای was استفاده کرد:
If I/he were (instead of if I/he was);
حقیقت این است که در شرطی نوع دوم were بسیار مرسوم تر از was است:
If Tom were here (but he is not here).
در برخی موارد می توان was و were به جای همدیگر به کار برد ولی در مورد شرطی نوع دوم بهتر آن است که از were استفاده شود:
If I was/were offered a ticket I’d take it.
دقت داشته باشید که عبارت “If I were you, I should …” بهترین راه برای بیان یک موعظه است:
If I were you I should tell him the truth.
جمله شرط اغلب آورده نمی شود:
I should tell him the truth.
عبارت were به اضافه زمان گذشته ساده در جمله شرطی نوع دوم جایگزین کرد:
If she offered him 500 dollars.
Could be replaced by
If she were to offer him 500 dollars.
If he needed any money, I'd lend it to him. (But he doesn't need it)
اگر به پول احتياج داشت به او قرض میدادم
If I had more time, I'd help you.
اگر وقت بيشتری داشتم به شما کمک میکردم
If I were* a rich man, I'd buy an expensive car.
اگر ثروتمند بودم يک ماشين گرانقيمت میخريدم
I wouldn't accept the job (even) if they offered it to me.
اگر آن کار را به من پيشنهاد میکردند هم قبول نمیکردم
* در اين نوع جملات، اغلب بجای was از were استفاده میشود:
If I were living in Tehran, we could meet more often.